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Jodhpur Travel Guide
Jodhpur Travel Guide
sentinel in the desert, on the eastern fringe of the Thar desert has the distinction
of neither being a part of the Thar desert nor out of it.
At best it is a doorway to the wonderland of sand dunes and shrubs, rocky terrain
and thorny trees. The home of the Rathroes - the awesome princely state of Rajasthan.
They conquered Marwar or Maroodesh, land of the sand after the fall of Delhi
In 1459 AD, Rao Jodha, chief of Rathore clan of Rajputs, who claimed descent
from Rama, the epic here of the Ramayana, laid the foundation of Jodhpur. A
high stone wall protects the well-fortified city. The wall is nearly 10km in
length and has eight gates facing various directions.
Within, stands an imposing fort on a low range of sandstone hills, about 125m
above the surrounding plains. Invincible! And dauntless in its league with time!
The city lies at the foot of the hills. The clear distinction between the old
and the new city is visible from the ramparts of the fort.
On the other side of the city, facing the fort is the Umaid Bhawan Palace. One
of the most spacious, sprawling and well-planned palaces in India. And from
here, as you look at fort, a tantalizing view rises before your eyes at sunset.
The peculiar slant of the sunset lends the desert landscape an awe-inspiring
glow and the people, a chivalry undaunted .
This bustling desert city is the second largest city in Rajasthan after Jaipur
and has landscape dominated by the massive Meherangarh Fort topping a sheer
The old city is fenced by 10 km long wall with eight Gates leading out of it.
The new city is outside the walled city. Rao Jodha, a chief of the Rathore clan,
founded the city in 1459 and it is named after him.
The Afghans drove the Rathores out of their original homeland Kaunaj and they
fled to this region around Pali a short distance from present day Jodhpur. A
manoeuvre lead to marriage between Rathore Siahaji and the sister of a local
prince that helped the Rathores to establish and strengthen themselves in this
region. In fact they flourished so well that managed to oust the Pratiharas
of Mandore, just 9 km of present day Jodhpur.
By 1459 a need for more secured capital lead to the founding of Meherangarh
Fort on its rocky perch and Jodhpur was thus founded by Rao Jodha. The Rathores
enjoyed good relations with the Mughals and Maharaja Jaswant Singh (1678) supported
Shah Jahan in the latter's struggle for war of succession. Only problematic
relationship they had was with Aurangzeb.
After Auranzeb's death Maharaja Ajit Singh drove out Mughals from Ajmer and
added it to Marwar. In the reign of Maharaja Umed Singh Jodhpur grew into a
fine modern city. The quintessence of Jodhpur was its valour and equestrian
skill. Polo has been the traditional sport of the Jodhpur nobility since medieval
Jodhpur has two railway stations, City and Rai ka Bagh both are outside the
walled city. The bus stand is right outside the Rai ka Bagh Station. The High
Court is a while from the bus stand after the Umed Gardens, after which is located
the tourist reception centre and RTDC Hotel Ghoomer.
Ahead is the main market and entry in to the wall from Sojati Gate. This area
also has many hotels. Jodhpur is also military and air force station and has
a large cantonment and airbase.